MARCH 13, 1998


Born August 26, 1915, in Sand Point, Alaska, Gronholdt had a background as a wooden boat builder.  He also crafted wooden pumps, known as chxuusi-x, to bail water out of the skin-on-frame iqyax, the Aleut sea kayaks.  While living in Sand Point among the Qagun Tayagungin, Unga, and Pauloff Harbor Tribes, he designed chagudax (“hunting visor”).  The chagudax was a key component of the Unangan sea kayaker’s hunting and battle uniform.  He then began teaching others this lost art.  Gronholdt’s works are featured in collections at the Anchorage International Airport, the Unalaska City School Percent for Art, the Shumagin Corporation, and the Aleutian/Pribilof Islands Association.  He served on the Board of Directors for the Shumagin and Aleut Corporations.  In September 1989, Gronholdt was chosen as an instructor at the Institute of Alaska Native Art’s prestigious Bending Tradition program wood working area became known as “Aleut Corner.”Gronholdt died in Edmonds, Washington at the age of 82. 

Source: “Andrew Grenholdt,” World Heritage Encyclopedia.  Retrieved 7/27/2019,
Photo:   Sharon Dye.  Free Use pursuant to GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2.

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