MAY 19, 1911


During the Mexican Revolution, Emiliano Zapata Salazar (Zapata) formed and led the Liberation Army of the South.  Born August 8, 1879, in the Mestizo and Nahautl-speaking pueblo of Anenecuilco, in the state of Morelos, his indigenous and peasant forces were a key contributor to the fall of President Porfirio Díaz, by defeating the Federal Army in the Battle of Cuautla.  On May 12, 1911, the Zapatistas had fully surrounded the town, cutting communications with rest of Mexico.  Though the Federales were well-fortified and positioned, by May 14, Zapata’s troops cut them off from water.  On May 15, Zapata launched his assault.  Out of ammunition and exhausted, the Federales left Cuautla and, on May 19, Zapata’s troops occupied the town.  By May 21, 1911, Diaz signed the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez.  While Zapata sought to institute land reforms, the revolutionary leaders turned on each other and led Mexico into civil war.  Zapata was killed in an ambush in April 10, 1919, in Chinameca, Morelos.  

Sources:  “Emiliano Zapata Biography, (1879-1914), Biography, 4/2/2014.  Retrieved 6/30/2019, Brunk, Samuel (1995), Emiliano Zapata: revolution & betrayal in Mexico (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1995), p. 37,
Photo:  Bain News Service, 1911.  Library of Congress.  Copyright, if one existed, was not renewed.  Additionally, Public Domain in U.S.:  Pre 1/1/1925.  Public Domain elsewhere where copyright term is author’s life plus 70 years or less.

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