JULY 14, 1762


To guarantee peaceful relations and ensure native compliance, Europeans entering Alaska to hunt for furs traditionally took most or all of the women and children of the village hostage until the tribesmen accompanying the European hunters brought in enough pelts to make a cargo.  Russian fur ships expanded on this to force the Aleuts to perform all labor and to provide food and supplies.  They also used the Aleut women for sex and companionship.  Russian reliance on Aleut labor had a major impact on Aleut life that caused that population to drop from 20,000 to 5,000.  Aleut resistance began about 1745.  In 1762, the Fox Island Aleut staged a coordinated attack on four vessels and several shore parties killing over 300 Russians.  Eventually, Russian forces retaliated and Aleut resistance ended. 

Source:  Hatcock, Stephen W., Alaska: An American Colony (Seattle:  Univ. of Washington Press, 2002), 55-58.  Retrieved 7/6/2019, https://books.google.com/books?id=8SfiCgAAQBAJ&pg=PA58&lpg=PA58&dq=fox+island+revolt&source=bl&ots=0H5nuXkLvm&sig=C9Y6SDuu1BlKg3M0rHje70f1Nhk&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwiFqaHJ5rbeAhUro1kKHXiYBwUQ6AEwBHoECAsQAQ#v=onepage&q=fox%20island%20revolt&f
Graphic:  Louis Choris (1795-1828), 1817.    Public Domain in U.S.:  Pre 1/1/1925.  Public Domain elsewhere where copyright term is author’s life plus 100 years or less.

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