AUGUST 9, 1814


Under the treaty, the Creek Nation ceded nearly 22 million acres to the United States.  General Andrew Jackson, the sole U.S. negotiator, justified the seizure of so much territory as payment for the expense of an “unprovoked, inhuman, and sanguinary” war.  The treaty actually was made with the Creek National Council, an American ally.  Yet, when Jackson’s Creek allies argued that only the Red Sticks–a faction within the Creek Nation–had attacked Americans, Jackson claimed that the entire Creek Nation failed to prevent the attacks.  The treaty gave the United States the right to establish military posts, trading houses and roads across Creek territory.  In return, the United States promised food rations to the displaced and starving population of the Upper Creek towns.  The War Department also indicated that Creek claims for losses for personal property destroyed by Red Sticks would be honored.  The claims totaling over $300,000, were never paid in full.   

Source:  Kathryn Braund, Auburn University, “Summer 1814: The Treaty of Ft. Jackson ends the Creek War,” National Park Service.  Retrieved 7/9/2019,
Sketch:  Author unknown, circa 1847.  NY Public Library.  Public Domain in U.S.:  Pre 1/1/1925.  Public Domain elsewhere where copyright term is author’s life plus 100 years or less.

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