Born in the Black Hills of South Dakota in 1841 and son of an Oglala Sioux shaman also named Crazy Horse, he was called “Curly Hair” as a child.  After an 1858 battle with the Arapaho, he was given his father’s name.  In 1866, he led a decoy that resulted in the Fetterman Massacre and fought alongside Sitting Bull in 1876, pushing back Gen. George Crook in the Battle of Rosebud and wiping out Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer’s forces at the Battle of the Little Big Horn.  That winter, with his band starving, Crazy Horse surrendered in return for a reservation.  The Army then sought his help against the Nez Perce.  Crazy Horse threatened to leave negotiations.  The next day, he was arrested.  In the ensuing struggle, he pulled a knife on Little Big Man before a soldier bayonetted him.  Lying on a bare floor, only his father was allowed to visit.  His body was taken away by Sioux and buried at an unknown location near a creek called Wounded Knee.

Source: “Crazy Horse,” History, 8/24/2018.  Retrieved 7/12/2019,
Sketch:  ____ Hottes, circa 1877.  Surrender of Crazy Horse.  Library of Congress.  Public Domain.  Sketch made by an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code.

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