NOVEMBER 15, 1781

AYMARA LEADER JULIÁN APASA NINA (TUPAC KATARI) EXECUTED

Born circa 1750, Apasa took the name “Tupac Katari” to honor two earlier rebel leaders: Tomás Katari, and Túpac Amaru, executed by the Spanish in 1572.  Katari’s uprising was simultaneous with that of Túpac Amaru II, who claimed to be a descendant of the earlier Túpac Amaru.  Katari, leading an army of over 40,000, laid siege to the city of La Paz in 1781.  He and his wife Bartolina Sisa initially maintained the siege from March to June.  The siege was broken by the Spanish colonial troops from Lima and Buenos Aires.  During the siege, 20,000 people died.  Katari laid siege again in August, joined by Andrés Túpac Amaru, nephew of Túpac Amaru II, but Katari lacked adequate forces to be successful.  The siege was finally broken on October 17, 1781.  Katari was then captured and executed–torn by his extremities into four pieces.

Sources:  Walker, Charles F., The Tupac Amaru Rebellion [Boston: Harvard University Press, 2014].  Retrieved 8/7/2019, https://books.google.com/books?id=RcfdAgAAQBAJ&printsec=copyright&source=gbs_pub_info_r#v=onepage&q&f=false Wikipedia
Portrait:  Alka Agrawal, 11/20/2010.   Released into Public Domain by the author for any purpose and with no limitations pursuant to the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Universal Public Domain Dedication

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