DECEMBER 18, 1971


When signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon, the ANCSA, Public Law 92-203 (85 Stat. 688), codified at 43 USC 1601-24, constituted, at that time, the largest land claims settlement in United States history.  ANCSA was intended to resolve long-standing issues surrounding aboriginal land claims in Alaska, as well as to stimulate economic development throughout Alaska.  The Act established Alaska Native claims to the land by transferring titles to 12 Alaska Native regional corporations and over 200 local village corporations.  A 13th corporation was later created for Alaska Natives who no longer resided in Alaska.  The ANCSA authorized Alaska Natives to select and receive title to 44 million acres of public land in Alaska and $962,000,000 in cash as settlement of their aboriginal claim to land in the State.  In 1999, the Act was amended to allow native Alaskans who are also Vietnam War veterans to be able to obtain an allotment of not more than two parcels of federal land totaling 160 acres or less.  

Source:  "Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act," Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Retrieved 7/23/2019,
Map:  National Park Service.  Public Domain.  Product of an officer or employee of the United States Government as part of that person’s official duties under the terms of Title 17, Chapter 1, Section 105 of the US Code

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