DECEMBER 28, 1884

HO-CHUNK (WINNEBEGO) SCHOLAR/REFORMER WO-NA-XI-LAY-HUNKA (HENRY ROE CLOUD) BORN

Born on the Winnebago Reserve in Nebraska, his name meant “War Chief.”  Why he took the name “Henry Cloud” is unknown.  The 1st Native American to enter Yale, he earned Bachelor and Master degrees there.  Studying divinity, he added a Bachelor (Auburn Theological Seminary, 1913,) and Doctorate (Emporia College, 1932).  He added “Roe” to honor a missionary couple that adopted him.  From 1913-15, Cloud was active in the Society of American Indians (SAI), sat on a Federal Commission on Indian Education, and superintended Roe Indian Institute.  While with SAI, he met Elizabeth Bender who became his wife [see April 2].  In the ‘20s, he sat on the Federal “Committee of 100” and co-authored the Meriam Report.  In the ‘30s, he superintended Haskell Institute (1931).  His work on the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 earned him the Indian Achievement Award from the Indian Council Fire.  In the ‘40s, he superintended Umatilla Indian Agency (1947).  He died in Siletz, Oregon, February 9, 1950.

Source:  Jean Sanders, "PROFILE: Henry Roe Cloud: Pioneering Native American educator," Nebraska State Education Association, 2004.  Retrieved 7/23/2019, https://web.archive.org/web/20120205101426/http://www.nsea.org/news/RoeCloudProfile.htm
Photo:  Underwood & Underwood, 9/17/1931.  Library of Congress.  Public domain in U.S.:  Copyright, if one existed, was not renewed.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.