MARCH 15, 1913

BRULE LAKOTA CHIEF/DIPLOMAT MATȞÓ HÉȞLOǦEČA (HOLLOW HORN BEAR) DIED

Born circa 1850, in what today is Sheridan County, Nebraska, he was was a famed warrior, first against the Pawnee and later against the U.S. Army, harassing forts along the Bozeman Trail between 1866 and 1868.  Credited by some as the chief who defeated Captain William Fetterman, he also fought at the Little Big Horn.  By the late 1870s, he began to favor peace.  Becoming a celebrity in the East, he attended several functions as a native representative and was featured on a 14-cent postage stamp and a five-dollar bill.  As head of the Indian police at the South Dakota Rosebud Agency, he arrested Crow Dog for the murder of Spotted Tail.  In 1905, Hollow Horn Bear was invited to take part in the presidential inauguration of Theodore Roosevelt, and in 1913, led a group of Indians to the inauguration parade of President Woodrow Wilson.  He contracted pneumonia during the visit and died. 

Source:  The National Magazine, Vol. 38 (Boston: Boston Publishing Company, 19013).  Retrieved 1/14/2020, https://books.google.com/books id=Ac5OAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA12&lpg=PA12&dq=hollow+horn+bear+%26+custer&source=bl&ots=1yXsORBkve&sig=ACfU3U3TOXoVoYKEc0PZO19DR3Dj8d6rdg&hl=en&ppis=_e&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi-9NXNlITnAhUBrVkKHbKlCbU4ChDoATAIegQICxAB#v=onepage&q=hollow%20horn%20bear%20%26%20custer&f=false
Photo:  Harris & Ewing, between 1905-13.  Public Domain.

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