INDIGENOUS AND TRIBAL PEOPLES CONVENTION ADOPTED
The Convention, conducted under the auspicies of the International Labour Organization (ILO), and known as C169, is the major binding international convention concerning indigenous and tribal peoples, and a forerunner of the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. It significantly revised the standards contained in the Indigenous and Tribal Populations Convention and Recommendation, 1957 (C107) to bar governments from pursuing approaches deemed integrationist and assimilationist. Instead, it asserts the rights of indigenous and tribal peoples to self-determination. In November 2009, a Chilean Supreme Court, based in part on C169, upheld rulings supporting Aymara water rights, by both the Pozo Almonte tribunal and the Iquique Court of Appeals marking the first judicial application of ILO Convention 169 in Chile. It has since been ratified by 23 nations. Canada and the United States have not ratified C169.
Sources: ILO Convention C169, Retrieved 5/15/2020, https://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C169 "Chile's Supreme Court Upholds Indigenous Water Use Rights," The Santiago Times, 11/30/2009. Retrieved 5/20/2020 https://santiagotimes.cl/?option=com_content&view=article&id=17739%3Achiles-supreme-court-upholds-indigenous-water-use-rights&catid=19%3Aother&Itemid=142 Map: Maziotis, 2/16/2010. Permissive Use.