SEPTEMBER 20, 1982


Born November 24, 1910, in Nespelem, Colville Indian Reservation, Lucy graduated from Haskell Institute in Kansas, in 1931.  After working in Portland with her husband during World War II, they returned to the reservation and ran a cattle ranch.  In 1953, the Federal Government termination policy (ending Federal recognition of tribes) was introduced.  While the Coleville Business Council supported it, her brother George, a member, opposed it.  In poor health, he asked Lucy to run for his position.  She won.  In 1965, Lucy testified before Congress on the policy.  In 1969, she founded a newspaper, Our Heritage–an alternative to the tribally-owned paper.  Her position was simple: “Termination is . . . giving your eagle feather away.”  By 1971, the Council & Congress came to oppose termination.  In 1971, Lucy became regional vice president, National Congress of American Indians.  She served 22 years on the Council; 1 term as chair—1st woman to do so.  Lucy died on her ranch.

Source:  Laurie Arnold, Phd., “Covington, Lucy Friedlander (1910-1982),”, 7/8/2017.  Released 7/12/2020,
Photo:  Jewish American Society for Historic Preservation (JASHP), undated.  Dr. Mary Cullinan on the left President of EWU, Jerry Klinger President of JASHP on the right. Courtesy of JAHSP,

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