SEPTEMBER 5, 1932

PONCA-OMAHA ZHOGAXE (FRANCIS LAFLESCHE) BORN–SMITHSONIAN ANTHROPOLOGIST

Born December 25, 1857, on the Omaha Reservation, Nebraska, his father, Chief Joseph Laflesche, part of Ponca Chief Standing Bear’s band, was adopted by the Omaha.  Francis’ name meant “Woodworker.”  In the 1860s, he wrote The Middle Five—his memoir of white education.  In 1881, with his sister Susette & anthropologist Alice C. Fletcher, he went to the Rosebud Sioux Reservation serving as interpreter.  He & Fletcher would work & live together until her death in 1923.  Francis earned Bachelor’s & law degrees at George Washington Univ. in 1892-93.  From 1910-29, he was ethnologist & anthropologist at Smithsonian’s Bureau of American Ethnology.  His books include: [With Fletcher] A Study of Omaha Music (1893) & The Omaha Tribe (1911); [Himself] A Dictionary of the Osage Language (1932) & War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indian (1938).  He was a member of the National Academy of Sciences & President, Anthropological Society of Washington.  LaFlesche died near Macy, Nebraska. 

Source:  “Francis La Flesche, American ethnologist,” Encyclopaedia Britannica.  Retrieved 7/5/2020, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Francis-La-Flesche
Photo:  Author unknown, circa 1881.  Francis and Susette LaFlesche.  Public Domain. Source: National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.  

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: