DECEMBER 9, 1861


Also known as the “Battle of Caving Banks,” this fight occurred on Bird Creek near present Sperry, Oklahoma.  In November 1861, Confederates set out with Choctaw-Chickasaw, Creek, and Texan units to subdue Creek Chief Opothleyahola and his Creek & Seminole followers who opposed the Confederacy.  The Confederates sought to confiscate the dissidents’ slaves.  The first attack at the “Battle of Round Mountain” (November 19) failed.  Escapees retreated to the Horseshoe Bend of Bird Creek.  Opothleyahola had 2,000-2,500 individuals, the majority were women, children, and poorly armed men.  The Confederates had 1,300 soldiers & 2 Cherokee regiments.  The battle began in mid-afternoon.  At dusk Texas cavalry outflanked the bend & the First Regiment Choctaw-Chickasaw Mounted Rifles penetrated the center, but both ran low on ammunition and refugees fled toward Kansas.  Opothleyahola lost 150-300 dead and wounded, plus many noncombatants captured.

Source:  Michael A. Hughes, “Chusto-Talasah, Battle of,” Oklahoma Historical Society.  Retrieved 8/21/2020,
Photo:  Jeffrey S. Williams (Skydancer506), 7/3/2011.  Bird Creek.  Permissive Use.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: