NORTHERN PAIUTE LEADER CHIEF PAULINA BORN
The location of Chief Paulina’s birth and events of his early life are not known. By the late 1850s, he led a band of Northern Paiutes in resisting encroachment. Refusing to relocate to a reservation, he became a notorious war leader, known for swift attacks & evading capture. Paulina attacked settlers on Paiute lands in Oregon and the Klamath Basin, as well as Indians on the Warm Springs Indian Reservation, possibly in retaliation for earlier attacks on his band. He had Chief of the Wascos, Queapama, murdered by luring him to a peace conference. After the U.S. Army captured and imprisoned Paiute hostages, including Paulina’s sister, wife, and son, Paulina and other Hunipuitöka Paiute leaders signed a treaty in 1865. Facing starvation, Paulina’s band left the Klamath Reservation in April 1866. On September 15, 1866, Paulina led an attack on the ranch of James N. Clark. On April 25, 1867, Clark shot & scalped Paulina at a cove later named Paulina Basin near Ashwood, Oregon.
Sources: “Howard Maupin and the death of Chief Paulina,” The Oregonian, 2/13/1966. Retrieved 9/11/2022, Message Boards (ancestry.com) Wikipedia Photo: Author unknown, circa 1865, published in Sunday Oregonian, 7/22/1900. Public Domain.