NOVEMBER 7, 1785


The Brothertown Indian Nation is made of descendants of the Christian, English-speaking Pequot, Niantic, Montauk and other coastal peoples of New York (NY) and New England. Forming in the 1760s, the Nation was led by preachers Samson Occom and Joseph Johnson. In 1773, as settlement on the east coast pressured the Nation to seek a new home, it entered a treaty with the Oneida for land near current-Paris, NY.  Members started moving there by the next year, though Brothertown was not officially founded until 1785. However, in the 1820s, as white settlers pushed further west, large segments of Oneida lands, including Brothertown, were sold and the Nation was forced to move with their Oneida and Stockbridge neighbors to Wisconsin, settling along the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago in Calumet County. The Nation does not yet have Federal recognition.

  Craig Cippola & Caroline Andler, “The Brothertown Indian Nation: Eeyawquittoowauconnuck,”  Brothertown Indian Nation - History: A Brief Historical Overview. Retrieved 5/15/2022, Brothertown Indian Nation - History: A Brief Historical Overview (  
“The Brothertown Indian Nation A Brief Introduction,” Wisconsin Historical Society.  Retrieved 5/15/2022, The Brothertown Indian Nation A Brief Introduction | Wisconsin Historical Society (
Print:  Jonathan Spilsbury, after Mason Chamberlin, 1768. Public Domain.  Source: National Portrait Gallery.

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