OCTOBER 16, 1875

HAWAIIAN PRINCESS ARTIST/ACTIVIST VICTORIA KA’IULANI CLEGHORN BORN

Victoria, born the Crown Princess, was descended from the 1st cousin of Kamehameha the Great. Her mother, Likelike, was sister of the last two ruling monarchs. Ka’iulani’s name meant “the highest point of heaven” or “the royal sacred one.” Being 2nd in line to the throne after her elderly and childless aunt, King Kalākaua & Queen Kapi’olani sent her to Northamptonshire, England, in 1889 to prepare her for the throne. Ka’iulani was given a private education at Great Harrowden Hall, excelling in Latin, Literature, Mathematics, and History. She also studied French & German and, later, art in Scotland & France. When the monarchy was overthrown in 1893, she traveled to the U.S. to oppose the overthrow. Following the deaths of friend Robert Louis Stevenson, half-sister Annie Cleghorn, and her English guardian, her health declined and she returned to Hawaii in 1897. Engaged to be married, in late 1898, she got caught in a storm while riding, came down with pneumonia, and died on March 6, 1899.

Source:  “The Tragic Story of Princess Ka’iulani, ‘The Island Rose’ of Hawaii, 5-Minute History. Retrieved 4/7/2022, The Tragic Story of Princess Ka’iulani, “The Island Rose” of Hawaii – 5-Minute History (fiveminutehistory.com)
Photo:  Author unknown, 1897. Public Domain.  Source: Extracted from Hawaii State Archives. Call Number: PPWD-15-3.016

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