OCTOBER 31, 1952

MENOMINEE-POTOWATOME GERALD R. HAWPETOSS BORN– MOCASSIN & REGALIA MAKER

Born in 1952, in Neopit, Wisconsin, at age 8, Gerald went to live with his great-aunt and great-uncle who taught him tribal traditions.  His great aunt learned moccasin making from her mother–a noted Menominee moccasin maker.  Gerald learned traditional tanning methods; the 3 main moccasin designs and the beadwork, quillwork, and ribbon appliqué designs.  A master of beadwork and featherwork, he also made traditional Menominee dance regalia, including roach headdresses from porcupine & deer tail hair, elk horn headpieces, and dance bustles.  Gerald also created the osakapun, a fingerwoven beadwork widow’s funerary ornament.  Since the mid-1980s, Hawpetoss has taught at the Indian Community School of Milwaukee, participated in the Wisconsin State Folk Arts Apprenticeship Program, and been listed in the state’s artist-in-education directory.  He lives in Zor, Wisconsin, in the western part of the Menominee reservation.

Source:  “Gerald R. Howpetoss,” National Endowment for the Arts, 1992.  Retrieved 8/1/2020, https://www.arts.gov/honors/heritage/fellows/gerald-r-hawpetoss
Photo:  NEA, 1992.  Public Domain.