FEBRUARY 13, 1884

WINNEBEGO ACTRESS LILLIAN ST. CYR (RED WING) BORN

St. Cyr was born on Nebraska’s Ho-Chunk Reservation.  When her mother died, she was sent to Carlisle Indian Industrial School.  On April 9th, 1906, she married actor James Young Deer and began acting under the stage name, Red Wing.  Working together behind and in front of the camera, the couple began working on films that addressed racism, assimilation, miscegenation and cultural conflict.  In 1909, they worked on For Her Sale; or, Two Sailors and a Girl and Red Wing’s Gratitude.  Cecil B. DeMille chose Red Wing to star in 1914’s The Squaw Man, the first feature-length picture shot in Los Angeles.  Red Wing continued acting, appearing in over 35 films between 1909 and 1921.  Red Wing and Young Deer’s film careers were mostly over by the 1920s.  Young Deer worked in France, making documentaries between 1913 and 1919.  Lillian worked as a college lecturer and civil rights activist.  Lillian died March 13, 1974, in New York City. 

Source:  Eric Brightwell, “Red Wing And Young Deer, The First Couple Of Native American Silent Film,” Amoeblog, 11/20/2010.  Retrieved 6/8/2019, https://www.amoeba.com/blog/2010/11/eric-s-blog/red-wing-and-young-deer-the-first-couple-of-native-american-silent-film-.html
Photo:  Johnson, 1914.  From Who’s Who in the Film World.  Public Domain in U.S.:  Pre 1/1/1925.  Public Domain elsewhere where copyright term is author’s life plus 100 years or less.  

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