PIMA (O’ODHAM) REVOLT ENDS
The Pima Revolt was the culmination of a 70-year period of hostilities against Spanish settlers due to a gradual loss of autonomy and territory. Treaties allowing mining and herding by the Spanish on native lands were eroded by an influx of settlers. The Pima Revolt was directly preceded by the Seri Revolt in Sonora. While the Pima had no central authority, the charismatic Luis Oacpicagigua united the disparate groups. The rebellion began with the massacre of 18 settlers at his home. Over the next three months, he led attacks on the mission at Tubutama and other settlements. Over one hundred settlers were killed. Oacpicagigua surrendered to Captain José Díaz del Carpio after a negotiated peace. Pima leaders blamed the revolt on Jesuit missionaries and were pardoned by the colonial governor. When small scale conflict resumed, Oacpicagigua was imprisoned in Spain and died there in 1755. The Spanish soon founded three new presidios in Sonora to control the Pima and Seri populace after the revolts.
Source: Henry F. Dobyns, “Tubac Through Four Centuries: An Historical Resume and Analysis: CHAPTER V: THE PIMA REVOLT OF 1751, 3/15/1959," Arizona State Parks Board. Retrieved 6/25/2019, http://parentseyes.arizona.edu/tubac/cpt5-int.htm. Map: Author unknown, circa 1760. Public Domain. The creator died and the work was published more than 80 years ago in Spain, per Commons:Licensing#Spain