NISGA’A TREATY PASSED BY PARLIAMENT
The Nisga’a people live in the Nass River Valley of northwest British Columbia (BC). In the late 1800s, Nisga’a traditional territory was declared Crown land. The Nisga’a people immediately began petitioning government to restore their territory. In 1973, the Supreme Court of Canada, in its decision in the Calder case, ruled in favor of the Nisga’a. Formal negotiations began between the Nisga’a Tribal Council and Canada in 1976. In 1990, the BC government joined the negotiations. The parties reached an Agreement in Principle in 1996 and, on August 4, 1998, a signing ceremony at Gitlakdamix signalled the completion of negotiations. The BC Legislature gave assent on April 23, 1999. Finally, on April 13, 2000, Parliament passed the Nisga’a Final Agreement Act. The Nisga’a negotiations resulted in the first modern-day treaty in BC. The Treaty came into effect on May 11, 2000. With the Treaty, the Nisga’a became self-governing.
Sources: “Nisga’a Final Agreement,” British Columbia Ministray of Indigenous Relations and Reconciliation, Crown Publications. Retrieved 1/28/2020, https://www.crownpub.bc.ca/Product/Details/7655001365_S “Nisga'a Final Agreement 2001 Annual Report,” Government of Canada. Retrieved 1/28/2020, https://www.rcaanc cirnac.gc.ca/eng/1100100031762/1551117753251 Flag: Unknown, 1/14/2006. Flag of the Nisga’a Nation. Public Domain.