FEBRUARY 17, 1881


Born in Florida circa 1821, Chupco led the Hvteyievike Band when it was removed to Indian Territory after the 3rd Seminole War (1855–58). In August 1861, he rejected the Seminole’s treaty of alliance with the Confederacy. That November, he & his band joined loyal Creek leader Opothleyahola and moved to Kansas. On the way, Chupco fought in the Civil War battles of Round Mountain, Chusto-Talasah & Chustenahlah. In Kansas, he became a First Sergeant in the Indian Home Guard. Standing 6’ 7, “Long John” Chupco was seen as the “Northern” Seminole chief; John Jumper, the “Southern” chief. He represented the Loyal Seminole at the Ft. Smith Council (1865) & signed the Seminole Reconstruction Treaty (1866). The U.S. recognized him as Principal Seminole Nation Chief (1866-81). Returning to Indian Territory, Chupco farmed, joined the Presbyterian Church (1869), and opposed proposed legislation to establish the Territory of Oklahoma. Chupco died at his Seminole Nation home.

Source: Jon D. May, “Chupco, John (ca. 1821-1881), Oklahoma Historical Society. Retrieved 4/20/2021, Chupco, John | The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture (okhistory.org)
Photo: Grant Foreman, 1875. Public Domain. Source: Grant Foreman Collection, Ohio Historical Society (No. 2396).

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