FEBRUARY 21, 1753


To prevent establishment of British settlements, the French & the Wabanaki Confederacy (including the Mi’kmaq tribe) tangled with British settlers from 1688 onward. Occurring during Father Le Loutre’s War (1749-55), a Mi’kmaq raid on Dartmouth in 1749 led British Governor Edward Cornwallis to offer bounties for any Mi’kmaq killed. By mid-1751, after Cornwallis found no Mi’kmaq leaders willing to negotiate peace, he resigned. New Governor Peregrine Thomas Hopson successfully negotiated a peace with Chief Jean Baptiste Cope on November 22, 1752. It didn’t last long. Four men aboard the British schooner Canso stole the Mi’kmaq stores which they gave to the Governor. British & French accounts of what followed vary significantly. However, Cope led a Mi’kmaq attack on another British schooner killing 2 men & taking 2 hostages. Cope burned the 1752 Treaty 6 months after he signed it. 

 Andrew Marshall, “What was Father Le Loutre’s War (1749-1755)?,” Boot Camp and Military Fitness Institute, 2/17/2021.  Retrieved 4/28/2021, What was Father Le Loutre’s War (1749-1755)? – Boot Camp & Military Fitness Institute (bootcampmilitaryfitnessinstitute.com)
Photo:  Hantsheroes, 9/20/2016. Head stone of John Conner who escaped the Mi’kmaq. Permissive Use. 

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