NOVEMBER 29, 1990


The Indian Arts and Crafts Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-644) is a truth-in-advertising law prohibiting false representation in the marketing of American Indian or Alaska Native arts and crafts products within the United States. It is illegal to offer or display for sale, or sell any art or craft product in a manner that falsely suggests it is Indian produced, an Indian product, or the product of a particular Indian or Indian Tribe or Indian arts and crafts organization, resident within the United States. A first-time violation of the Act by an individual can result in civil or criminal penalties up to a $250,000 fine or a five-year prison term, or both. If a business violates the Act, it can face civil penalties or can be prosecuted and fined up to $1,000,000. The law covers all Indian and Indian-style traditional and contemporary arts and crafts produced after 1935. The Indian Arts and Crafts Board, an agency established in 1934, has responsibility for overseeing the implementation of the Act.

  Pub. L. No, 101-644, 11/29/1990.  Retrieved 6/10/2022, STATUTE-104-Pg4662.pdf (
Seal:  U.S. Government. Great Seal of the United States (obverse). Public Domain.

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